Blood Drops on Hopes of Peace by Umut Dag
Kurdish issue is Turkey’s one of the most difficult and painful problems which has been with Turkey since establish of the Republic in 1923. Kurdish problem is not only a big obstacle to Turkey’s democratization, domestic peace and Turkey’s membership to the EU; but also a solution to this problem is a key component of regional peace due to the large Kurdish population in Iraq, Syria and Iran.
On 16th December 2012, a new process called “Imrali Process” in order to solve Kurdish problem was started. MIT (the National Intelligence Organization) began talks with the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) Abdullah Öcalan who has been in jail since 1999 as well as PKK commanders in the field in order to reach a permanent settlement of the Kurdish issue. After this recent move on the Kurdish issue, the hopes for a permanent solution were raised again. High public support for the solution process and direct support of main opposition party CHP (Republican People’s Party) to government are two big reasons to be more optimistic about peace process this time than previous unsuccessful attempts to solve this long-term issue.
Unfortunately past experience and previous attempts for solution and peace suggest that positive developments are mostly followed by provocative acts to disturb the negotiation process. In fact, first provocative attack to disturb negotiations occurred on 8th January 2013. More than 100 PKK militants from Iran and Syria attacked a military outpost in Cukurca, Hakkari. For the people who live in Turkey or are interested in history of Turkey and Kurdish issue it is not so surprising to experience such provocative acts from PKK at a time when the PKK leader and Turkish government have embarked upon negotiations for a permanent peace, since in PKK there are groups who don’t want a permanent solution to Kurdish issue.
The second provocative and bloody attack occurred on Jan. 9 in France. Three Kurdish women affiliated with PKK were killed in the PKK-operated Kurdistan Information Center in Paris. One of them, Sakine Cansiz, was one of the founders and important figures of PKK. After dead of three Kurdish women, including Sakine Cansiz, Turkish and Kurdish sides in Turkey have begun to claim each other, although both sides agree that the aim of these murders might be to disturb negotiation process.
According to PKK and Kurdish side, the deep state was responsible for the murder of three Kurdish women (The deep state is alleged to be a group of influential anti-democratic coalitions within the Turkish political system, composed of high-level elements within the intelligence services, Turkish military, security, judiciary, and mafia). On the other hand, according to Huseyin Celik, the spokesman for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), the attack is possibly an execution within the PKK and this kind of executions are not uncommon. In fact, in the past important figures of PKK were killed by PKK, such as Enver Ata, Kani Yilmaz, Cahit Sener.
Another possibility is that the reasons for murder could be related to personal issues, like a relationship, etc. Although all of us have got a big tendency to find a more complicated reason behind the murders, the reason might be really personal. Being one of the founders and important figures in an organization doesn’t mean not to have a personal life and problems which can even cause death of someone.
.The last theory on possible perpetrators of the murder of the three Kurdish women is that one of the neighbors of Turkey or an illegal or a legal organization of these countries could be behind the murders. Although it sounds like a “conspiracy theory”, I want to remind that recently Turkey has got big problems with its neighbors like Iran, Irak and Syria. It’s highly possible that an illegal or legal organization in these countries don’t want to let Turkey solve its one of the biggest problems.
In conclusion, nothing can change the reality of that “Imrali Process” could be a turning point in Kurdish problem. For the first time, we have got good reasons to be optimistic about Kurdish issue and to believe that peace is possible, although we all know it won’t be so easy, we will have to experience more provocative acts and murders during the process.
Umut Dag was born and grew up in Istanbul,Turkey. He received his Bachelor’s degree on Business Administration and his Master’s degree on Financial Markets. Since 2011 he has been living in Germany and studying at University of Mainz. He follows political events in Turkey, Middle East and Europe and writes articles about these issues. In addition to his articles on Politics and Economics, he writes fiction and poetry.
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